Building Societal Resilience against Hybrid Threats

Publication Type:

Journal Article




Information & Security: An International Journal, Volume 39, Issue 1 (2018)


Centre of Excellence, Civil-Military Interoperability, Comprehensive approach, crisis management, disaster response, Hybrid threats, interagency cooperation, Protection of Civilians, Risk reduction. Technical architecture, Societal Resilience


This paper addresses the efforts of NATO to improve societal resilience in the fight against hybrid threats. Canvass hybrid threats as a military strategy that blends conventional warfare, irregular warfare and cyber warfare. Hybrid warfare is used to describe the flexible and complex dynamics of the battle space requiring a highly adaptable and resilient response. From another point, the article sees over establishing a safe and secure environment for protection of civilians, as well as how to improve resilience through civil preparedness and tailored NATO support to national authorities. NATO requires a concept to be developed that operationalizes the NATO Policy with emphasis on its implementation through the planning and conduct of operations, training, education and exercises, lessons learned, as well as defence related capacity building activities. The article tackles the question of using the Centres of Excellence as an education and training network in building resilience in society against threats, including hybrid threats and protection of civilians.