Conceptualizing the Role of Societal Resilience in Countering Hybrid Warfare

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Information & Security: An International Journal, Volume 39 (2018)


Civil-Military Interoperability, Comprehensive approach, crisis management, disaster response, Hybrid threats, hybrid warfare, interagency cooperation, Risk reduction, Social Resilience, Societal Resilience


This paper addresses the issues of building societal resilience in the fight against hybrid threats. For the purposes of this paper, the term societal resilience is understood as the ability of a state, organization or society to absorb and recover from a shock. The term hybrid threat is defined as a military strategy that blends conventional warfare, irregular warfare, and cyber warfare. The term hybrid warfare is used to describe the flexible and complex dynamics of the battlespace requiring a highly adaptable and resilient response.