Contemporary Challenges for Bulgaria in the Changing Black Sea Security Environment

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Information & Security: An International Journal, Volume 51, Issue 1, p.25-35 (2022)


A2/AD, Black Sea, Hybrid threats, Russian Federation, security


The author presents the results of a study on the evolving security environment in the Black sea region. The focus is on Russia’s Black Sea security policy and the ways in which it combines kinetic and non-kinetic instruments in its hybrid strategy. The militarization of Crimea, in particular, led to the positioning of assertive Russia as the dominant military power in the Black Sea, with all the consequent negative repercussions for littoral and other states in the region.