Hybrid Warfare and the Challenge It Poses to the Psychological Resilience Training in the Bulgarian Military

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Information & Security: An International Journal, Volume 39, Issue 3, p.197-205 (2018)


hybrid warfare, military, resilience, security, training programme


The article provides an overview of hybrid warfare and psychological resilience, and the related challenges faced by individuals, communities and societal security in regard to the psychological effects of hybrid threats. Since the concept of psychological resilience is new and almost unknown in Bulgaria, and even less so in the Bulgarian military, the article introduces the reader to the concept of psychological resilience. It then suggests a model of developing resilience training in the Bulgarian armed forces.